If you've got some money in the bank, chances are you've never seriously worried about not being able to withdraw it. But there was a time in the United States, an era that ended just over a hundred years ago, in which bank customers had to pay close attention to whether the banking system would remain solvent, knowing they might have to rush to retrieve their savings before the bank collapsed. During the National Banking Era (1863-1913), before the establishment of the Federal Reserve, widespread banking panics were indeed rather common. --Provided by publisher.
Fighting financial crises: learning from the past The New York Clearing House Association The start of a panic What the New York Clearing House did during National Banking Era panics Information production and suppression and emergency liquidity 'Too big to fail' before the Fed Certified checks and the currency premium The change in depositors' beliefs during suspension Aftermath What ends a financial crisis? Historical reminders Modern crises: perspectives from history Guiding principles for fighting crises Appendixes Notes References Index.