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輸配電業監管機制研析計畫

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因應電業法之修正,電業劃分為發電業、輸配電業及售電業,並初步開放再生能源的自由買賣,階段性開放電業自由競爭,然而輸配電系統具有自然獨占之特性,因此輸配電業定位為「公共運輸者」,採獨占國營方式經營,然而就電業管制機關而言,電力市場由垂直整合的型態轉型成水平分割的自由競爭型態,電業結構將存在於競爭部門與獨占部門混合並存的情形,須重新思考電業管制機關管制範圍及方式,同時,電業法亦授權中央主管機關得召開專業公正的電力可靠度審議會辦理電力調度之監管及管理,因此電業關制機關與電力可靠度審議會間之角色分工需進一步釐清。本計畫為了協助電業管制機關健全輸配電業之監管,今年度之主要工作將包括,研擬輸配電業監管範疇、電業管制機關與可靠度委員會分工流程之擬定。 


另外,為了確保系統的供電穩定與安全,電業法第27規定發電業及售電業銷售電能予其用戶時,應就其電能銷售量準備適當的備用供電容量,並向電業管制機關申報,而供電容量之來源可以為發電機組或需量反應,然而計算總供電容量時,發電機組或需量反應應按其淨尖峰能力來計算,而淨尖峰能力之計算原則將經由電力可靠度審議會研訂後,由電業管制機關公告之,因此本計畫主要工作項目之ㄧ為協助電力可靠度審議會檢討再生能源發電機組。


 According to the request of the Electricity Act amendment, the electricity industry is divided into power generation, transmission and distribution, and retailing. As well, the Electricity Act amendment also initially opened up the free trade of renewable energy and adopted gradually opened up the free competition of the electricity industry. However, due to the natural monopoly characteristic of the transmission and distribution system, the transmission and distribution industry is positioned as a 'public carrier' and adopted the operation mode of publicly-owned monopoly. The electricity market is transformed from a vertically integrated to a horizontally divided free-competitive model. The electricity industry structure will present a situation where the competition department and the exclusive department coexist. For the electricity industry regulatory authority, it is necessary to rethink its the scope and manner of control. In addition, the Electricity Act amendment also empower the central competent authority to hold a professional and just electricity reliability review meeting to handle the monitoring and management of power dispatching. For this reason, the role division between the electricity industry regulatory authority and the electricity reliability commission needs to be further clarified. In order to assist the electricity industry regulatory authority to supervise the transmission and distribution industry, the main tasks of this project this year include the research of scope for monitoring the transmission and distribution industry, and the drafting of the division procedure and operation mode between the electricity industry regulatory authority and electricity reliability commission. 


In the other hand, in order to ensure the power supply stability and system safety, the Article 27 of the Electricity Act stipulates that the electricity generating and retailing enterprises in selling the electric energy to users shall prepare the appropriate level of electricity reserve capacity based on its electricity sales, and duly report to the electricity industry regulatory authority. The sources of capacity are including generator sets or demand response and so on. However, when calculating the total capacity, the generator set or demand response should be calculated according to its net peaking capability. And the calculation principle of net peaking capability is drawn by the Electricity Reliability Committee and announced by the Electricity Regulatory Authority. One of the main work of this project is to assist the Electricity Reliability Committee to review the calculation principle of the net peaking capability of renewable energy generator.


內容簡介來源:

壹、前言 1


貳、研究方法 3


一、研擬輸配電業監管範疇 3


二、電業管制機關與可靠度委員會分工流程之擬定 4


三、協助可靠度審議會之運作-檢討再生能源能源容量價值之估算方式與系統合理備用容量率 5


參、計畫執行情形 13


一、預定進度與實際進度比較  13


二、查核點說明 14


三、目標達成情形 15


肆、執行成果說明 16


一、人力運用情形 16


二、經費運用情形 17


三、重要研究成果 18


伍、結論與建議 140


陸、參考文獻 142

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