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民營電廠購售電合約最適期限探討:完成報告

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電業法已於106年1月26日修正公布施行,台電公司為符合法定備用供電容量義務,須依電業管制機關公告之供需預測評估,如有外購電力需要時,須依政府採購法辦理電能採購作業。惟本次修法第一階段僅開放綠能轉供或直供售電予用戶,傳統火力發電業僅能售電予台電公司,爾後待管理配套、法制運作順暢、市場成熟穩健發展之後,再開放傳統火力電廠可直供或轉供售電予用戶,屆時業者可自由售電,不限台電公司,然未來電業改革開放時程仍具不確定性,故現階段民營電廠與台電公司倘僅簽訂10年期購售電合約,將面臨融資困難等風險,進而影響投資意願,恐致台電公司無法達成法定備用供電容量義務。


基於上述研究課題,本計畫將蒐研國內外民營電廠購售電合約期限與考量因素,及合約期限對民營電廠融資之影響,並綜合評估在現行我國電業市場環境、台電負擔法定備用供電容量義務及業者融資實務面等情況下,台電公司與民營電廠購售電合約最適期限,供台電作為訂定購售電合約期限之參考。


Under the Electricity Act took effect on January 26, 2017, Taiwan Power Company is required to make energy forecasting according to the supply and demand load announced by the electrical regulatory authority to comply with the statutory reserve margin capacity obligation. As for the outsourced electricity, the procurement of electricity should be proceed from the Government Procurement Act. However, the amendment to the Electricity Act is only open to the renewable energy to directly or transfer supplied to consumers. It is expected to allow thermal power plants to provide electricity to customers directly associated with the well complementary measures, regulations set up and mature market, but the uncertainty to complete the electricity transformation is still high. Assuming the contract duration between independent power producers and Taiwan Power Company are ten years, it may causes the difficulties in financing for the independent power producers and make them exited the bidding market. In this case, could affect Taiwan Power Company to statutory reserve margin capacity obligation.


Based on the above research topics, this study aims to search the period and factor for power purchase agreement for independent power producer at domestic and foreign experiences and the impact of contract period on independent power producer financing. Further, to assess the optimal period for power purchase agreement between Taiwan Power Company and independent power producer. Providing Taiwan Power Company as a reference of the power purchase agreement contracts.


內容簡介來源:

壹、計畫背景與目標 1
 一、背景與目標 1
 二、研究內容 2
 三、國內外相關研究之進展現況 4


 貳、計畫執行情形 7
 一、我國電力市場環境 7
 二、蒐集國外民營電廠購售電合約期限案例 11
 三、分析不同購售電合約期限對於國內外民營電廠辦理融資之影響 26
 四、分析不同購售電合約期限對民營電廠之影響 31
 五、分析不同購售電合約期限對台電公司之影響 35
 六、結論與建議 35
 七、參考文獻 40  


 附件1民營電廠購售電合約期限諮商會議金融機構意見彙整 41
 附表2民營電廠購售電合約期限諮商意見彙整 44

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