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產業結構優化策略研究

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全球經濟環境變遷劇烈,面對景氣衰退、區域整合強化與全球化經貿競爭,台灣產業面臨必須升級轉型的挑戰與契機,產業布局與企業經營思維勢必改變傳統大量製造的生產模式,以創新求變之精神突破經濟僵局,強化整體全球競爭力。故我國政府規劃產業結構優化政策,於產業層級推動製造業服務化、服務業科技化與國際化、傳產業特色化之「三業四化策略」,並於企業層級下培養具技術、品牌、創新優勢之「中堅企業」,以調配整體資源配置,改善部門結構比例,達成塑造優質產業與企業體質,提升整體附加價值之目標。


為促進三業四化及中堅企業之政策目標具體落實與衡量,本計畫涵蓋產業面之「三業四化策略研究」,與企業面之「中堅企業專題研究」。分別針對產業結構優化建構升級指標系統,三業四化策略研究共建構15項產業優化指標、5項產業升級指標;中堅企業專題研究共建構18項企業層級指標、6項產業層級指標,以長期觀測產業、企業發展與政策成效。並蒐集分析台灣及國外三業四化案例共8則,探討台、德、日製造業與資訊服務業隱形中堅企業案例共6則,以探討優化之成功關鍵因素與發展模式。另統整主要國家之三業四化、中堅企業相關政策思維及作法,包含美、日、德、韓產業政策與措施;德、日中小企業政策作為,並與我國產業優化政策內涵交相比較研析,以提出適切之滾動式政策調整建議。


As the global economic trend changes radically, industries in Taiwan are facing the threats of economic recession, strengthening regional integration and more intense global competition. The traditional mass production in manufacturing industry needs to be reformed to deal with the economic challenge and seize the opportunity to improve industrial structure and speed up the upgrading. Thus, Taiwan government launched “Three industries/Four modernizations Policy”, and “Hidden-Champion Project” to redistribute the resources and enhance holistic value added.


To put the policy into practice and examine the effects, this research covers the issues of both policies and aims to construct the indexes used to observe the development of industry and enterprises. For “Three industries/Four modernizations Policy”, we construct 15 industrial optimizing indexes and 6 upgrading indexes; and for “Hidden-Champion project”, we construct 18 industrial indexes and 6 enterprise measurement indexes. Meanwhile, we gather actual domestic and foreign cases to analyze the crucial factors of their success, and derive the model to improve the government measures. Last but not least, we search the current related industrial policies in U.S.A, Germany, Korea and Japan, and compare with the “Three industries/Four modernizations Project”, and “Hidden-Champion Project” to make suggestions for Taiwan policies.[轉錄自台經院出版品]


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