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「APEC『能源智慧社區倡議』知識分享平台建置計畫」委託辦理案:期末報告

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近年來,APEC 21個會員體,針對共同推展永續綠色成長,已凝聚初步共識,2010年APEC領袖會議通過「APEC成長策略(Growth Strategy)」,涵蓋均衡性成長、包容性成長、永續綠色成長、創新性成長以及安全性成長等5大面向;2011年APEC主事國美國賡續推動3大項優先領域,亦以強化區域經濟整合拓展貿易、促進綠色成長、擴展法規調和與合作為重要工作。我國「參與亞太經濟合作策略小組」,於2011年已配合經濟體共識,成立跨部會之「APEC綠色成長工作分組」,共同推展APEC綠色成長相關議題與對策。


在我國方面,我國近年推動節能減碳與綠色成長政策,已有顯著成效,2010年為「節能減碳年」,公佈「國家節能減碳總計畫」十大標竿計畫,涵蓋健全法規體制、改造低碳能源系統、打造低碳社區與社會、營造低碳產業結構、建構綠色運輸網絡、營造綠色新景觀與普及綠建築、擴張節能減碳科技能量、推動節能減碳公共工程、深化節能減碳教育以及強化節能減碳宣導與溝通等全面性政策,朝向低碳社會轉型。因此,如能深耕台灣與國際接軌,加速相關能源應用與產業發展,打造低碳社區與城市,將有助於我國經濟、能源與環境均衡永續發展。


2010年底美歐巴馬總統與日本前首相菅直人共同提出「能源智慧社區倡議(Energy Smart Communities Initiative,ESCI for APEC)」,涵蓋智慧運輸(Smart Transport)、智慧建築(Smart Buildings)、智慧電網(Smart Grids)、智慧就業與消費(Smart Jobs & Consumers)等4大領域及相關社區範例,邀請各經濟體參與該倡議,共同達成綠色成長、永續發展、綠色就業、節能減碳等目標。此倡議乃由美方住宅暨城市發展部(HUD)主導,能源部(DOE)配合,並共同邀約我方參與該倡議,於APEC能源工作組(EWG)下,合作建置「能源智慧社區倡議之知識分享平台(Knowledge Sharing Platform for Energy Smart Communities Initiative)」。在APEC綠色成長趨勢與我國推動節能減碳及低碳社區的基礎上,本計畫建置APEC能源智慧社區倡議之知識分享平台,迄今收錄逾300項傑出能源智慧社區案例。本研究分析APEC會員體能源智慧社區政策之政策執行模式與政策工具,歸納出政府主導、企業主導、公私協力與學術研究等四大主要政策執行模式外,以及經濟性投入、市場政策產出、服務政策產出、誘因政策產出、以及管制與自我管制政策產出等五大政策執行工具;並據此建構我國能源智慧政策政策指標,以為我國衡量能源智慧社區政策成效,以及政府制定相關政策之基礎。


The collective recognition of 21 APEC members to promote green and sustainable growth over the years has been a key driver for the “Growth Strategy”, which was adopted at the APEC Leadership Conference in 2010. Through the growth strategy, APEC aims to achieve balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovation, and secure growth. In 2011, the United States was the principal leader in carrying the efforts forward by prioritizing three critical areas for development: strengthening regional economic integration and expanding trade, promoting green and sustainable growth, and extending regulatory reconciliation and cooperation. In response to these efforts, Chinese Taipei established the “APEC Green Promotion Working Group” in 2011, which aims to actively participate in APEC green initiatives and growth strategies.


Over the years, Chinese Taipei has been active in promoting energy saving, carbon reduction, and green policies. In 2010, the “National Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction Plan” was adopted, and the ten pillars comprise of: devising a sound legal system, transforming to a low-carbon energy system, creating low-carbon communities and society, establishing a low-carbon industrial structure, constructing green transportation networks, building green landscapes and the popularization of green buildings, advancing energy saving and carbon reduction technology and capabilities, proliferating energy saving and carbon reduction public infrastructures, emphasizing the carbon reduction education, and strengthening energy saving and carbon reduction advocacy and communication. The ultimate gain of leveling practices to international standards, accelerating industrial growth, and creating low-carbon communities and cities, is sustainable and balanced economic, energy and environmental development.


Towards the end of 2010, U.S. President Barack Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan jointly proposed the 'Energy Smart Community Initiative”, which covers four pillars and one project initiative: Smart Transport, Smart Buildings, Smart Grids, Smart Jobs & Consumers, and the Low Carbon Model Town case studies. APEC members are invited to actively participate under the Energy Working Group (EWG) framework; in particular, Chinese Taipei was invited to contribute to the establishment of the “Knowledge Sharing Platform for the Energy Smart Communities Initiative”. Under the premises to promote APEC green growth initiatives and energy smart communities, this project was implemented to establish the “Knowledge Sharing Platform for the Energy Smart Communities Initiative”. The ESCI-KSP has collected more than 300 projects submitted by the APEC member economies.


This report gives an overview of the primary outcomes and results of the projects. By reviewing the selected projected, it concluded four types of policy models: government-dominant model, enterprise-dominant model, public-private partnerships, and academic research model. It also explored five major types of policy instrument, including economic investment, non-economic investment, market policy, incentive policy, and regulation and self-regulation policy. Finally, this report established a set of indicators for measuring the impact National Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction Plan as well as providing assistance in policy formulation.[轉錄自摘要]


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