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我國引用德國再生能源饋網電價配套措施之可行機制評析:期末報告

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發展再生能源是全球普遍作為溫室氣體減量之重要對策之一,德國自2000 年4 月1 日起正式實施「再生能源法」,立法明定風力、離岸風力、太陽能、水力、地熱能、生質能、沼氣等再生能源饋網電價,同時課予輸配電業併聯躉購再生能源電能義務,使再生能源因此得以進入電力市場。

德國自此再生能源蓬勃發展,其成功經驗成為全球競相學習模仿之典範。我國再生能源發展機制方起步,仍須得由德國經驗檢討改進,是以,本研究擬深入研析德國再生能源饋網電價及其發展環境、經濟誘因與配套措施,探討電價決定因素及費率調整設計之投資誘因、風險保障、融資等財務特色,同時蒐集國際最新再生能源發展趨勢及其推動再生能源饋網電價制度之略,
做為規劃「溫室氣體減量法草案」管理辦法與配套措施等運作機制之重要參考。

此外,經由本研究計畫之執行,亦規劃邀請德國國際學術組織及智庫之學者專家訪問研討,建立我國與德國節能減碳之可行合作機制。藉由長期互動,達成再生能源發展與溫室氣體減量之政策目標。

綜而言之,本計畫研究目標如下:
一、評析德國再生能源饋網電價制度進展。
二、進行德國再生能源饋網電價制度發展經驗及財務設計特色評析。
三、因應溫室氣體減量法及相關法規進程,規劃相關運作機制與執行。
四、我國與德國建立節能減碳合作機制之可行性評析。

The development of renewable energy is one of the important strategies to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) was taken into effect in Germany since 1st April 2000, in which feed-in-tariff (FIT) for onshore wind, offshore wind, solar radiation, hydropower, geothermal, biomass, landfill gas, sewage gas, mine gas and etc were set while at the same time power transmission and distribution enterprises were obligated to purchase electricity generated from renewable energy. All these enabled renewable energy to be adopted into the German power market.
Since then, renewable energy in Germany has developed prosperously and its successful experience has become the role model to the world. The mechanism of renewable energy development in Taiwan is in the initial stage and has a lot to learn from the German experience. Therefore, this study is expected to probe into the FIT mechanism in Germany and its development in relation to environmental policies, economic incentives, and supporting measures, and to explore the investment incentives, risk securities and financing of tariff decision factor and adjustment design.
Moreover, the latest international trend of renewable energy development
and the strategies to promote FIT in other countries are also included in this study. The results of all the research in this study are important references to set up an operation mechanism of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction XI Act (Draft) related regulations and supporting measures.
In addition, during the implementation of this study, we collaborated with experts from international research institutes and German think tanks to build a feasible bilateral cooperation mechanism on energy conservation and carbon reduction between Taiwan and Germany. Through the long term bilateral interaction, we expect to achieve our policy goal of renewable energy development and greenhouse gas emission reduction.


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