It is increasingly common for businesses to face public policies and government regulation that demand some form of environmental or social protection. These protective public policies have grown in number, complexity, and stringency over the last few decades, not only in industrialized countries but also in the developing world. In this book, Jorge Rivera presents a new theoretical framework for understanding the relationship between protective public policies and business compliance. This framework explains different levels of business compliance in terms of three different factors: the link between the stages of protective public policies and different levels of business resistance, the effect of country context, and the effect of firm-level characteristics. The second part of the book supports and elaborates on this framework by presenting empirical studies that examine two voluntary environmental programs: the US ski industry's Sustainable Slopes Program and the Certification for Sustainable Tourism in Costa Rica.
Jorge E. Rivera is an Associate Professor of Strategic Management and Public Policy at The George Washington University's School of Business. His research focuses on the relationship between public policy and business strategies. He has published more than 30 manuscripts and his work received Best Paper Awards from the Academy of Management's Organizations and Natural Environment Division in 2001 and the Policy Sciences Society in 2003. His journal articles have also been mentioned in more than 30 news stories by national and international newspapers including the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. In 2010 one of his publications, co-authored with Peter deLeon, examining the voluntary environmental behavior of the US ski industry was ranked as the most cited manuscript published in the Policy Studies Journal between 2004 and 2009. He is also the author of two books: 'Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Policy Perspective' (co-edited with Peter deLeon) by Lexington Press and 'Business and Public Policy' by Cambridge University Press. In 2009, Professor Rivera was appointed as an Associate Editor of the journals: Policy Sciences and Business & Society. He is also Chair-elect of the Organizations and the Natural Environment Division of the Academy of Management.