The Political Economy of Industrial Policy in East Asia sheds new light on the reasons why Taiwan and South Korea have achieved such remarkable progress in the semiconductor industry. This book focuses on the institutional arrangements in Taiwan and South Korea across time and shows how the state and society have interacted to accomplish the successful development of the semiconductor industry. It argues persuasively that three institutional factors are critical in understanding the development processes of the semiconductor industry in these two countries: first, the different degrees of business concentration, second, the different state structures and their influence on policy making networks, and finally, the different international political economies in which the two countries are located. The author challenges the developmental statist argument which has traditionally offered the most popular explanation of East Asian development, and includes recent industrial data and statistics demonstrating the current status of this rapidly changing industry. This book will be welcomed by graduate students and academics in the fields of comparative political economy, international political economy and industrial policy. It will also appeal to those interested in industrial development strategies, East Asian development and comparative politics.